In 1969 the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommended the development of subspecialty training in the management of gynecologic malignancies. Criteria for a post-residency training program leading to certification in Gynecologic Oncology were subsequently approved in 1972.
The Society of Gynecologic Oncologists (SGO) was established in the early 1970’s and rapidly became an active force in the advancement of research and training in the field. The emphasis on research within the specialty was furthered with the formation of the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG), a multi-institutional cooperative cancer study group.
The Gynecologic Oncology fellowship is a 3-year program that includes 1 year of research and 2 clinical years following completion of a 4 year residency program in Obstetrics and Gynecology. During training, the candidate masters the techniques of radical and minimally invasive pelvic surgery, administration of chemotherapy, coordination of radiation therapy, pain management and palliative care.
The Gynecologic Oncologist is trained to:
1) Manage vaginal, intestinal, and urologic issues related to the care of gynecologic cancers and complicated benign gynecologic conditions.
2) Deliver chemotherapy and coordinate its use in conjunction with surgical procedures and radiation therapy.
3) Understand the principles of radiation therapy and integrate its place in the surgical and cytotoxic treatment of gynecologic malignancies.
4) Perform Minimally Invasive Surgical (MIS) management of a growing variety of pelvic malignancies and complicated benign gynecologic diagnoses.